On the occasion of the celebration of International Women’s Day on 8 March, ESET, a leading proactive threat detection company, explains the three most common forms of violence and shares security recommendations for the use of technology.
Blackmail: It happens when they threaten to disclose defamatory or harmful information about a person if a certain price is not paid. In many cases the payment is not monetary, but may include sexual favors or emotional control over the person concerned.
Cyberbullying: It has to do with the harassment, humiliation and injuries suffered through the use of digital media. It includes impersonation of identity, creation of false profiles online, and even surveillance through spyware or access to social network profiles.
Hate speech: Any expression that trivializeses, glorifies or encourages gender-based violence. It should not be confused with freedom of expression, which is a universal right, but which has limitations as long as it comes into contact with other rights.
According to a study with data from 2012 to 2014, 41% of cases of violence against women online were perpetrated by someone known. Many cases of virtual harassment are generated in a context of domestic violence, “said Matías Porolli, specialist in computer security at ESET Latin America.
Technology security recommendations: Use secure passwords, and do not use the same on multiple sites; Do not fall into phishing attacks. Do not enter credentials or personal data on site that generate distrust, or click links that come from fake emails or strange messages on social networks.
If sensitive or confidential information is sent, it must be avoided from public networks; Especially open networks, bars or cafes. For mobile devices, it is recommended to use a PIN or lock code to prevent physical access to the device.
Use the encryption of information. Thus, photos, videos and other contents of your phone will not be accessible without the password. Use antivirus software. Anyone who is good and known.
If it is realized sexting, it is important to bear in mind that messaging applications as WhatsApp encrypted messages from end to end, but once it is sent, the content is not cleared. Snapchat allows the use of publications ephemeral that yes are cleared after a while, but nothing prevents someone can take a screenshot of the screen. Therefore, the safest application is confide, which removes messages not only from devices, but also from servers once they have been viewed, and blocks screen capture attempts.